RESEARCH ARTICLE

The Tightly Regulated and Compartmentalised Import, Sorting and Folding of Mitochondrial Proteins

The Open Biology Journal 31 December 2009 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874196700902010200

Abstract

Mitochondria are eukaryotic intracellular organelles that still bear the signatures of their prokaryotic ancestor and require nuclear assistance. They generously dispense energy to cells, but are also involved in several biosynthetic processes, as well as in cell signalling pathways and programmed cell death.

Mitochondria are partitioned into four intra-organelle compartments: the outer membrane, the inner membrane, the intermembrane space and the matrix. Each compartment contains a unique set of proteins and a personalised system for guaranteeing protein homeostasis.

What follows is a survey of the function and topology of the multiple systems that operate the concerted action of protein sorting and folding in the four mitochondrial compartments.

Keywords: Mitochondrial proteins, mitochondrial proteins, folding, mitochondrial compartments, mitochondrial protein sorting.
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